The Big Bang theory is correct in its claims that our universe, including Earth, suddenly came into being out of nothing, but it has many weaknesses. Many astrophysicists have embraced the Big Bang as a tool to try to tear down what the Bible says and many Christians have embraced the Big Bang as a whole without inspecting the various theories that are part of the whole thing–theories which contradict God’s word. So I’ll examine some of the attacks unbelieving astronomers and astrophysicists embrace which they base not only on the Big Bang, but also on their assumptions that they understand the Bible correctly (which they don’t).
Attack #1: The Big Bang shows that the sun came before the Earth, but the Bible says God created Earth before the light (the sun?).
Rebuttal #1: God created light on the first day along with the Earth, but the sun wasn’t created until the 4th day, according to Genesis 1. This means God set up a temporary light system until he replaced it with a more permanent light system (sun, moon, stars) on the 4th day. John Calvin explained this back in the 16th century. A 24-hour day/night cycle does not require sunlight. It only requires the rotation of Earth and light originating from one direction. That’s scientific fact.
Attack #2: The Big Bang says the Earth started out as a hot, volcanic planet that cooled to form water, but Genesis says Earth was originally covered in water and land was created on the 3rd day.
Rebuttal #2: Since the Bible has proven to be true through its fulfilled prophecies, reliable science, and historical accuracy, we can trust the Genesis account over the accounts of men who presume to know different. However, for the sake of the skeptic, there is scientific evidence to prove the Genesis account of the Earth being covered with water instead of hot, molten lava.
That proof was shown by a scientist from Tennessee named Robert Gentry. He studied polonium, a rare radioactive element found all over our planet. When polonium breaks down like uranium, it gives off a particular signature by the particles it releases. Its particles travel a specific distance from the center when it breaks down in a sort of mini explosion. When it breaks down in solid rock, the particles form a hollow sphere in the rock. When it breaks down in molten rock, the sphere from the particles disappears. Gentry found that you can go all over the world and find these tiny spheres in granite everywhere. Therefore, it’s highly unlikely that Earth was ever one big hot, molten planet of lava since the spheres would be non-existent in granite.
Attack #3: The Big Bang says the atmosphere, Earth, and life took billions of years to form but Genesis says it only took six days.
Rebuttal #3: There is manuscript evidence, archaeological evidence which renders historical evidence, scientific evidence, and spiritual evidence backing what the Bible says, so when the Bible claims the Earth is young, it has proven that it can be counted on to tell the truth.
Nevertheless, there is lots of evidence showing that the billions of years scenario is wrong. For instance, the layers of rock (strata) that supposedly took millions of years each to form actually show that they developed rapidly because there are tree fossils cutting through more than one stratum. If the strata took millions of years to form, the trees would have decayed without leaving a fossil. Then there’s the fact that skeletons and soft tissue make up a large amount of the fossil record. For these to be as well preserved as they were in the strata, their burial would have to occur suddenly over a short period for them to be protected from scavengers, microorganism decay, or erosion.
Rebuttal #4: There are several scientific truths showing it unnecessary for stars to contribute elements, dust, and other things in order for Earth to be formed like the Big Bang suggests. For example, it is too difficult to get dust grains and elements to stick together from the power of stars, including the sun, long enough to form Earth or other planets over billions of years. Another weakness in the theory is that the rate of decay of Earth’s magnetic field is not sustainable over billions of years. In other words, after billions of years, the Earth’s magnetic field should not exist. Finally, the rate at which the sun rotates is too slow to contribute to conditions required to create Earth under the Big Bang theory, even if one were to calculate the rate at which the sun’s rotation decreases per year and extrapolated that rate all the way back to billions of years ago.
Attack #5: Science has proven that the moon merely reflects sunlight, but Genesis 1 calls the moon a light source.
Rebuttal #5: Genesis 1:16 says, “And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also.” This is merely a statement of perspective. From the Earth looking up, the moon looks like a light because it reflects light. The same type of perspective statements are made when we use the terms sunrise and sunset when in fact it is the Earth that’s turning toward the sun or away from the sun.
Attack #6: Science has proven the Earth is a sphere, but Isaiah 40:22 says God calls the Earth a flat circle.
Rebuttal #6: Isaiah 40:22 says, “It is he that sitteth upon the circle of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers; that stretcheth out the heavens as a curtain, and spreadeth them out as a tent to dwell in:” Critics of the Bible tend to forget that language evolves over time. There wasn’t a word for sphere in the Hebrew at the time Isaiah was written, so the KJV stayed with the original word in its translation, which was circle. A sphere is a circle in three dimensions and the Bible never calls the Earth flat. Critics basically assume that’s what the Bible says.
But most of the time God gives us two or three witnesses for what he says. Job 26:10, which was written centuries before Isaiah, established that the Earth was round. It says, “He [God] hath compassed [encircled] the waters with bounds, until the day and night come to an end.” “This verse teaches that God has inscribed a circle on the surface of the waters at the boundary of light and darkness. This boundary between light and darkness (day and night) is called the “terminator” since the light stops or “terminates” there. Someone standing on the terminator would be experiencing either a sunrise or a sunset; they are going from day to night or from night to day. The terminator is always a circle, because the earth is round,” [Jason Lisle. The universe confirms the Bible. Answersingenesis.org. March 6, 2008]. And being the prophet he was, Isaiah would have been educated on the Job 26 scripture when he wrote Isaiah 40.
Vince Albanov. Astrophysics contradicts the Bible. Examiner.com. Saturday, May 19, 2012.
Jonathan Sarfati. How could the days of Genesis 1 be literal if the Sun wasn’t created until the fourth day? Creation.com. Creation Ministries International.
Jonathan Sarfati. Calvin said: Genesis means what it says. Creation.com. Creation Ministries International.
Creation Today. Was the Earth ever a hot, molten mass? Creationtoday.org.
Answers in Genesis. Young Age Evidence page.
Jason Lisle. Preliminary comments on the PBS-TV series ‘Origins.’ Creation.com. 29 September 2004, paragraph 7.
–Harry A. Gaylord–